PALMA DE MALLORCA

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Palma de Mallorca is the capital of Mallorca. Aprox 0.5 mill inhabitants. It is a busy small city, but with mountains only 20 km away, and beaches on both sides, you have many choices for your free time. The modern airport is handling close to 20 million passengers a year, which shows the popularity of the Island. 

 

Areas in Palma de Mallorca of special interest to the visitor:

Bonnanova: 2.5 KM from the centre of Palma, on a hill. In this area you find hotel Valpariso, Colonia Majorca, Augusta and Horizonte. Quiet area, mainly residential.

Son Armadans: 1.5 KM from the centre of Palma, less to Paseo Maritimo (Gabriel Roca). Hotels in this area: Araxa. Isla de Mallorca, Son Armadans, Tryp Bosque, and others.

El Terreno: Area with a lot of character. Used to be the area where the wealthy people from Palma had a summer residence. In the narrow streets you can still see the left over from that area. The Plaza Gomilla area used to be the centre of the night life. This has now moved to the area La Lonja, in Palma centre, and to the Paseo Maritimo area.
 
Paseo Matritimo: The actual name is Gabriel Roche. Stretching from Club de Mar to the Cathedral. Here you find hotels like Victoria, Palace Atenea, Tryp Bellver, Costa Azul.

Palma Centre: Paseo Mallorca is a wide road, with the river "La Riera". Hotels found here are Saratoga, Tryp Jaime III and Palladium. Jaime III is a shopping street with interesting, and quite expensive shops. Hotel Born is in this street.

Old Town: The best preserved areas are around the Cathedral, Borne and Plaza Mayor. The area around Borne, Via Roma, Sindicato and Plaza Mayor has many shops in all price ranges.

Parking is difficult in the streets of Palma de Mallorca. There are however several underground parking. Paseo Mallorca, Plaza Espa
ña, Plaza Patines, Via Roma, are larger ones. Traffic is somewhat difficult if not used to a busy city environment. Watch out for the pedestrians, as they often cross the red light.  

History
Palma de Mallorca was founded as a Roman settlement in 123 BC. The Romans also founded the town of Pollentia in the bay of Alcudia.

Some 500 years later the Roman influence was substituted by Byzantines, Goth and Vandals.

In the year 707 a Muslim fleet landed on Mallorca and a long period under Muslim dominance had started. From 849 the island came under the Caliph of Cordoba and a period of prosperity came to the island.

The Muslim influence lasted until the year 1229, when the island was conquered by James I of Aragon. The Mallorca kingdom had been created. James I to James IV are called the kings of Mallorca . This lasted until 1349 where Mallorca was conquered by the king of Aragon, and later as Spain became a kingdom of its own, Mallorca was integrated as a part of this.

During the years Palma de Mallorca had a position as an important trading post. During the 13 th century more than 300 cargo vessels were registered in the Port of Palma.

It was a period also of fighting between the local families and natural disasters.

In 1490 members of 2 leading families started a fight in the San Francisco church, leaving many killed and wounded.

In 1403 the river "La Riera" busted its banks and 4000 people drowned. The river was passing through the town where you find Via Roma and Borne.

From 1500 to 1700 the city walls were constructed to protect against invading pirates. From 1900 the walls started to be demolished and Palma de Mallorca started to look like the city as we know it today.

From around 1950 the tourist industry started to change the life in Palma de Mallorca.

 

 

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